The Tenancy Act
The Norwegian Tenancy Act contains rules relating to the rights and obligations of the parties in respect of tenancies. The HTU Regulations contain rules about the Rent Disputes Tribunal's (HTU's) administrative procedures. We have also included links to other legislation and regulations which might be important.
The Norwegian Tenancy Act of 1999
Some of these rules are mandatory. This means that if something else has been agreed, then that part of the agreement will be invalid. Other rules are non-mandatory, i.e. it is permissible to deviate from the statutory regulations. Both the non-mandatory and mandatory rules are specified in the Tenancy Act. As regards those rules which can be departed from subject to agreement, the Tenancy Act specifies the rights and obligations of the parties in this respect.
The Norwegian Tenancy Act of 1999 is the Tenancy Act which applies today. This Act applies to all tenancies which have been entered into with effect from the year 2000 and for almost all tenancies entered into prior to the year 2000. There also is an English version of the Tenancy Act. Although this does not include recent legislative amendments, we have chosen to publish it because it might help some English-speaking people.
The Regulations relating to exemptions from Section 3-5 of the Norwegian Tenancy Act allow student organisations to make arrangements with tenants about placing a deposit corresponding to 3 months rent in a joint deposit account.
The Norwegian Tenancy Act of 1939
For some tenancies the Norwegian Tenancy Act of 1939 still applies. Those tenancies affected are stipulated in Section 13-2 of the Tenancy Act of 1999. For example, they might be tenancies which were entered into before the year 2000 which cannot be terminated by both parties in the usual way, or old tenancy bonds (where dwellings are rented out against a loan) in respect of which the bonds have not been repaid. Only Chapter 9 in the current legislation applies specifically to tenancy bonds.
The HTU Regulations
Court proceedings are governed by the Norwegian Civil Procedures Act. However, the HTU's rules relating to administrative procedures are contained in separate regulations, the HTU Regulations.
The legislative history of the Norwegian Tenancy Act
Some of the legislative history relating to the Norwegian Tenancy Act and its amendments, etc. has been published on the Regjeringen.no website.
The Norwegian Civil Procedures Act
Some of the provisions contained in the HTU Regulations stipulate that the Norwegian Civil Procedures Act will apply when appropriate.
The Regulations appurtenant to the Norwegian Civil Procedures Act (The Norwegian Civil Procedures Regulations - FOR-2007-12-21-1605) will also apply.
The Norwegian Debt Collection Act and its appurtenant Regulations
Rent cases often concern monetary claims. Consequently claims relating to debt collection fees may also be presented. The Norwegian Debt Collection Act contains regulations relating to acceptable debt collection practices and demands for payment, etc. The conditions which apply to claiming fees and the amounts which can be claimed are contained in the Norwegian Debt Collection Regulations.
The Norwegian Act relating to Interest on Overdue Payments
If a claim is not paid by the payment deadline, then whoever is entitled to such money can claim interest on overdue payments. The regulations about when it is permissible to claim interest on overdue payments, and the amounts which can be claimed, are contained in the Norwegian Act relating to Interest on Overdue Payments.
As a general rule claims will become obsolete 3 years after the date on which whoever was entitled to the money was able to demand payment. However, there are some exceptions. Further details about this can be found in the Norwegian Act relating to the Limitation Period for Claims. If you think that a claim against you might be obsolete and do not therefore want to pay, you must let the HTU know in writing. If you do not respond to the claim, the HTU will not consider whether or not the claim concerned is obsolete.